Somalia has one of the lowest energy consumptions in Sub-Saharan Africa. Somalia relies on fuel wood and charcoal, and imported petroleum to meet its energy needs and it accounts for 82% of the country’s total energy consumption. It suffers from lack of electricity in rural areas. In urban areas as Mogadishu 60 % of the population is connected to electricity while, in smaller cities only 23 % are connected to electrical services.
Renewable energy presents a way to address the current energy deficiencies and related problems in the country. According the African Development Bank Group (AfDB), the country has the highest potential of any African country for onshore wind power.
More than 50% of Somalia has wind speeds greater than 6 meters per second, which are excellent for electric energy production.As for solar energy, Somalia gets on average 2,900 to 3,100 hours per year of sunlight and has one of the highest daily averages of total solar radiation in the world.
Somalia joined RCREEE in 2015.